Energy in Canada's North

Sustainable Development for Northern Canada based on Enhanced and Integrated Geothermal Systems

Thursday, November 22, 2018 - 11:40 to 11:59 Theatre 2


S.B.M. Mahbaz (Presenting)
University of Waterloo, Earth and Env. Scinces

A.D.S. Dehghani-Sanij
University of Waterloo, Earth and Env. Scinces

M.B.D. Dusseault
University of Waterloo, Earth and Env. Scinces

Sustainability is a dynamic concept involving direct and non-direct relations among humans, the ecology, the Earth’s resources, seeking positive outcomes. “Sustainable Development” (SD) entails society development within the context of sustainability, meaning maintaining or re-establishing a critical level of natural capital that entails resources of various kinds such as soil, water and air; minerals; natural products (wood, fish…); and appropriate energy sources. Providing energy and establishing the sustainability of energy sources is a major natural capital concept which needs to be considered in Canada’s northern territories (NT, YK, NU, and northern parts of seven provinces) in order to achieve SD. Energy is the engine of development; a reliable and robust operating engine consuming dominantly renewable energy is necessary for SD. This article revisits some statistical data of the northern territories to find the current situation in the context of population, influx and industrial activity as indices of development. Enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) are introduced as part of a possible solution to provide renewable, green and cheap (hopefully) power and heat for remote communities to meet energy needs to allow an acceptable standard of living compared to other provinces in Canada. Energy price and its delivery problems are already known to be major basic obstacles to SD in the north, and investments in EGS in the north may help in the progress toward implementation of “power plant scale” systems in both the north and the south of Canada.